Protein isolation Tissue - Rat prostate tissue

Protein isolation is a technique that involves isolation and/ or purification of protein from cells or tissues via chromatography or electrophoresis. The major challenges in protein isolation include: 1. The concentration of proteins in cells is variable and tends to be small for some intracellular proteins. Unlike nucleic acids, proteins cannot be amplified. 2. Proteins are more unstable than nucleic acids. They are easily denatured under suboptimal temperature, pH or salt concentrations. 3. Finally, no generalized technique/protocol can be applied for protein isolation. Proteins may have different electrostatic (number of positively or negatively charged amino acids) or hydrophobic properties. Therefore, protein purification requires multiple steps depending on their charge (a negatively charged resin/column for positively charged proteins and vice-versa), dissolution (using detergents) and unlike in the case of DNA and RNA, instead of using salts, proteins should be isolated by isoelectric precipitation.

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2 years ago

2 years ago by Jesualdo Hernández Spain

When should I be harvesting the tissue before using it for the most optimal results?

I am planning to do HIF nuclear extraction using mouse brain tissue. How fast should I be harvesting the tissue before using it for the most optimal results?

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Protocol tips
- The prostate tissues of rats are homogenized using cold CelLytic™ MT Mammalian Tissue Lysis/Extraction Reagent (sigma) containing 2 mM sodium orthovanadate, 1 mM PMSF and protein cocktail inhibitor (1X, Sigma). The homogenate is centrifuged at 10,000 rpm for 10 min.
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